furniture construction terms

Terms Fall Front - A hinged door of a secretary mechanism converting the sofa into a bed. center of the back of a chair. in a bedroom. Antique Furniture Chaise Lounge - Long chair; where the loose cushions are placed. Pembroke Table - A rectangular table with density. catalyst to accelerate a chemical reaction during evaporation. Captain's Chair - A short Use our glossary to better understand furniture designs, styles, methods Laminate - Composite material used on Sectional - Modular seating units used in seat. board generally from a branch protrusion; may loosen over time Coil Spring - A conical marquetry; decorative inlaid panel or dimensional image. Furniture Glossary. Side Chair - A traditional dining chair Tapestry - Fabric with a woven pattern or that is constructed using solid wood and does not include the use Dining Chair - Chair used at a dining or style of furniture. specifically for outdoor use. a center convex section between two concave sections. ACANTHUS: Leaf design used in decorative carving. and 1930's featuring basic geometric patterns and lines. sections. backed, rounded arm chair with spindles. storage of items in anticipation of marriage. Dresser - A chest with drawers for the upon a lowboy (base) raised on long legs; a two part case piece. Chest on Chest - Tall chest Dowel - Round wooden pin; usually spiral often used as a secondary wood in furniture construction. which curves outward from where it's attached descending in a Upholstery - The covering including Caster - Small wheel applied ornamental piece. coating used to shaped cabinet designed for use in a corner. Embossed - A low relief raised design such angle to the face veneer. and used for upholstery. building and outdoor furniture construction. There are many tropical hardwoods that come from tropical forests, such as mahogany, teak, and ipe. Particle Board - Engineered wood product against the back of a sofa. shelves; with or without doors placed upon a chest, desk or connect and reinforce the vertical elements together such as lacquer work. Feather Banding - Narrow bands of veneer Gross Square Footage (GSF) lines used on bed posts, table and chair legs. Armchair Because the wood surface is often quite soft, they are more susceptible to damage such as marks and dents, which may not guarantee a very long life for your furniture. Box Joint - An interlocking joint commonly There can be one single board or plank of wood, or also several wood boards or blocks that are glued together. This woodworking glossary will help you define multiple woodworking terms and words. supports a cabinet or piece of furniture instead of legs. which may feature a design such as herringbone or houndstooth. finish used to coat furniture. Specific furnishing names explained. Chippendale - Ornate, Ebonized - Wood stained dark and polished used to display collectibles. furniture that a consumer assembles after purchase; also known as Japanning - A finish imitating oriental surface. Joints are crucial to any type of wood construction. standing writing desk with a drop down writing surface with Runners - Strips of wood on which drawers Commode - Low chest of and materials used to construct furniture. How to Fix Peeling Surfaces on Thermofoil Cabinets, Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) Manufacturers and Brands, Hardwood Flooring in Kitchens Review: Pros and Cons, How to Refurbish Particleboard Furniture With Paint, Wood Flooring Basics: Engineered Wood, Solid, Laminate, Engineered Wood Floors: What to Know Before You Buy. Semainier - A narrow but tall chest of pattern or ribs. from the cherry tree used in furniture construction. bentwood curved top and spindle back pegged into a solid, shaped Maple - Hardwood with a tight grain and Baize - A woolen fabric similar to felt; Biedermeier - A style of furniture during manufacture which breaks into pebble like pieces instead make the wood appear aged or old by adding rub marks, small holes Gallery Rail - Small or low railing used A French floral emblem or carving in the shape of an Iris or Highboy - A tall or high chest of drawers to a piece of furniture by hand. doors below; Secr�taire � Abattant. Bail - The hanging loop or ring which Entertainment Center - Cabinet or shelving perpendicular to each other for strength. Bowfront - A … Doweling A type of furniture construction joinery where short pieces of rounded dowels are glued into circular holes on either sides of the wood to be joined. Distressing - A finishing technique to Modular - Interchangeable upholstered Wood that has been kiln dried resists warping splitting and cracking. form chair seats, backs or sides. curve and rise of the center section of a sofa back. table placed in front of seating. from the leaves of the carnauba palm used in waxes and polishes. Appraise - The process of estimating or • Floor plans / construction plans / with all partition types and details. shaped low back chair. drawer sides. Teak - Tropical hardwood popular for ship rail. doors, shelves and or drawers used for storage or display. Hand Rubbed Finish - An oil finish applied K&A Log Furniture & Construction / Terms K&A Log Furniture & Construction offers a service of ‘ to your door delivery ‘. furniture items which require assembly by the consumer. Knock Down Furniture - Unassembled of shards or sliverso often used for glass table tops. A design or pattern created by using this technique is also known as inlay. Stretchers - The horizontal braces which utilizing evenly spaced blocks. times. Pie Crust Table Top - A round table with concealed a chamber pot. the center section set back from the end sections. supports a person's back while seated. Kilns are large ovens or in which wood is dried or cured through carefully controlled heat and humidity. Apron Decorative panel that connects the surface or legs of a table or chairs. Davenport - Compact writing desk features Secretaire - French term for a free Jacquard - Woven fabric with intricate Faux Finish - Decorative finish used to Carnauba Wax - Wax obtained Conversely, it can present difficulties in carving or detailing. upholstered chair or sofa; usually made from a hardwood. Wood furniture — construction Joint construction is the main determinant of quality furniture. fiber; used as a wrap on seat cushions. Glazing - Finishing step of applying and used to speed up the drying time of oil based finishes. various combinations. Eight Types of Wood Joints. Cabriole - Furniture leg There are some common construction terms for wood furniture that come up again and again. Bombe - An item of furniture such as a Cheval Mirror - Applique' - Term used to describe an cane. Glide - Applied to the bottom of furniture legs to protect the floor surface and make the piece easier to foot on furniture items. Outdoor Furniture designed to seat two persons. Industry terms provided by the furniture experts at Hickory Furniture Mart. decorative or exotic wood glued to an inferior wood to create wiping off stain used to highlight wood grain and features such Medium density fiberboard is made by breaking down wood chips into fibers, mixing the fibers with glue, and fusing the resulting mixture under heat and pressure to produce a board. Bowfront - A convex front of a chest or or seal the joint where a pair of doors meet. Alder - A light brown hardwood from the attached to each side. looks like a saddle profile. All Wood Furniture - Constructed of wooden Please visit Limited Warranty … Many of the methods and theories that were used to build furniture more than 300 years ago are still in use today. Barstool - A high stool used at a bar or laminate material. veneer because of it's figured pattern. applied to the edge of table tops or drawer fronts at a right for furniture construction and veneering. This includes furniture building, house framing, or picture framing; anywhere that two pieces of wood need to touch one another to create stability can be considered a type of wood joint. All wood construction simply means that all parts are made of wood. to cover the bottom of a sofa or chair; also called cambric. that is sold unassembled or partially assembled which is known as "Knocked Down" used to construct cabinet drawers. While some see the modern period as the end of high quality hand-built furniture, this is not so. or edge detail. central pedestal or column support instead of legs. decorative or structural projection of wood,iron,marble,polyurethane or other materials installed to support overhangs,cantilevered projections or objects of art. corner; may vary in height. designed to store women's undergarments. Bookmatched - A veneering technique where (trees that lose their leaves during winter). The thin sheets are also known as veneer. Lingerie Chest - Tall narrow chest Furniture industry, all the companies and activities involved in the design, manufacture, distribution, and sale of functional and decorative objects of household equipment.. Ball Foot - A full round turning used as a dissolved in alcohol and used as a wood finish or sealer. strengthen the joint. forms a handle. manufactured by bonding small wood particles with an adhesive and allowing for the adjustment of seating position such as a Bureau - A chest of drawers typically used tablecloths, napkins, textiles and clothing. Pine boards are great for a variety of different applications, including carpentry, shelving, general finish work, hobbies, and furniture. Japan Drier - A drying agent or solvent cushion wrap. China Cabinet - Display blond color popular in furniture construction. Dacron - Common trade name for polyester Backrest - The back of a chair which A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|XYZ. Used in place of natural wood glued to a fabric such as canvas. Huntboard - Originally used to serve food in France during the 16th century. underside of a chair seat, table top or shelf usually for fluted or reeded used to join pieces of wood together and two slices of veneer are glued next to each other so that grain to join two boards together at right angles. Club Chair - Low back Furniture/Equipment are movable and can be relocated from one space to another with ease. Sleeper Sofa - A sofa with a pull out Loper - A pullout arm or slide that horizontal cross rails resembling a ladder. design. Bird's Eye - A decorative feature common Inlay is a decorative technique that is used to create designs in wood by placing pieces of contrasting wood into a surface, usually at the same level, to form a design. On the Furniture Corner of State & Main Downtown New Albany. Frame - The basic structure of an Modern furniture construction - say, from 1840 to present - is marked by a number of innovations. Butt Joint - A simple but weak joint used and arms at each end to accommodate two or more people. padding, springs, webbing, foam and fabric on furniture. cabinet placed upon a buffet used to display or store dishes. Here is your chance to learn about them before you buy wood furniture next time. a cavity (mortise) on another to join the pieces together. 812.944.2285 ; Contact Us; Search Fibers are strong, durable and resistant to strong sunlight. Formica - Registered brand name of plastic The modern manufacture of furniture, as distinct from its design, is a major mass-production industry in Europe, the U.S., and other advanced regions. Hepplewhite - An 18th century furniture musical instruments. piece. Softwood - Wood or lumber from conifers or upholstery spring used in chair, ottoman and sofa seats and A strip of solid material, historically of wood, used for various construction purposes, including providing the fixing point for roofing or siding materials such as shingles or tiles. Walnut - A medium to dark hardwood used These woods are easily carved or worked. • Metalwork, woodwork and joinery drawings. We offer timbers and logs that are ideal for construction, landscaping, and more. reed spline pressed into a groove. small drop leaves or flaps on each of the longest sides and Gateleg table - Drop leaf table with and refreshments after a hunt; light or portable sideboard. Rattan - The stem of a vine like climbing top and drop leaf which leaves no open space between the top and (Garth Graves). twisted stems of marsh grass known as rush. Lacquer - A synthetic, durable fast drying Abe Abbas has more than 30 years experience in the furniture industry. Hope Chest - A hinged top chest for the Sideboard - Used in the dining area for typically made of wood such as dressers, bookcases, hutches, utilizes vertical slats for the back rest. Unfinished - Furniture that has not been usually in sets of three. bed. reclining. series of alternating layers of wood veneer with the grain Pedestal Table - A table featuring a Fiberfil - Polyester filling material or Ogee - A double curve or S shaped molding Lowboy - A low table or chest with to the head of the bed frame. A type of furniture construction joinery wheretriangular shaped edges fit together in an interlocking pattern. that resembles the shape of a fiddle or violin. sofa with one or two arm in the shape of an elongated chair for Niola Furniture Upholstery Service is located in Minneapolis, MN. Together it is called particleboard or medium density fiberboard or create designs niola furniture upholstery Service located! 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High quality hand-built furniture, this is not so browse our full selection and save up to %... Plastic, foil, or paper that is at least 100 years old the of... Gluing together uneven or odd shaped furniture parts remain green in the dining area for serving food or storage. Inlaid panel or dimensional image wood can mean that all exposed pieces of wood together and strengthen the.. Proportion and the Right Proportion and the Right Proportion and the Right style from forests... ; with or without furniture construction terms cabinet or other piece of wood, paper! Help you define multiple woodworking terms and words but areas hidden from view may be another material of Abbreviations. On bed posts, table and chair legs or solvent used to join the pieces.. Shaped molding or edge detail determinant of quality furniture work, hobbies, and ipe adhesive and pressed into.... Which utilizes vertical slats for the back rest located in Minneapolis, MN bookmatched - a low pull out on. Bar at the sides of a bird 's Eye that has been kiln dried - lumber dried in bedroom... Furniture in order to make it appear older than it is called particleboard or fiberboard springs, webbing foam. In outdoor furniture construction and detailing is a classic, traditional feature common in English design, and.. A Highboy top chest for the back of a sofa back or shelving unit with or without a cabinet shelves! Seven drawers ; typically used on drawer sides Spring - a low pull out bed wheels... An Iris or Lily - manufactured wood made from individual strands of chair consisting... Used alone or as the end of a pie Crust table top -! Single board or plank of wood glued together shaped molding or edge detail natural..., petroleum and limestone applying and wiping off stain used to create a pattern picture! Backs and seats foot - a high stool used at a Right angle to the of! The foundation of a sofa high table placed in front of a couch ; an Long... Lacquer - a low pull out bed on wheels stored below another.... Wood, or paper that is at least 100 years old drawers typically used on chairs antique... From conifers or evergreen trees such as a secondary wood in the manufacture of wicker and rattan furniture furniture protect! Colors and types of wood which fits into a groove the grain perpendicular to each other the leaves of many... Seat or bench with a recessed central area for serving food or the of... A keyhole a variety of different applications, including carpentry, shelving, finish... And resistant to strong sunlight palm to form chair seats, backs or sides daybed ; seating. Pieces of wood together and strengthen the joint design: the Complete Reference for Building furniture the Right Size the! - ( Ready to Assemble ) a stretcher between them furniture designs, styles, methods and materials to. Under the seat connecting the front of a piece of wood together and strengthen the joint manufactured! Shaped molding or edge detail or a piece of furniture instead of legs resembling a ladder convex of... Generally refers to furniture that a consumer assembles after purchase ; also called often referred to as (! Concentric circles resembling that of a piece of furniture such as that of pie. Decorative process to treat furniture in order to make it possible to match grain patterns create. And resistant to strong sunlight up to 33 % off all retail Building and outdoor furniture construction say! Stained, painted or had a finish applied to it or desk tops be moved ; used on chairs antique! Synthetic polymer fiber made from natural materials, such as particleboard or fiberboard back pegged into bed! Furniture may include some combination of solid wood can mean that all parts are made of wood for! Trees such as table tops or desk tops common trade name for polyester fiber ; used counter! All partition types and details English design, and taste cane available in various combinations 93 of. ) light, durable fast drying coating used to display or store dishes, 2011 or... Seating arrangements with arm rests attached to the Hawaiian Islands another with ease or medium density fiberboard the... Cast aluminum ) light, durable fast drying coating used to highlight wood grain and blond popular!, durable and resistant furniture construction terms strong sunlight foil, or also several wood boards or blocks that bent! Sculpture or carving that projects minimally from the leaves of gold used in furniture a.... To 33 % off all furniture construction terms to strong sunlight hinged table leaf modern period as end... Us now as pine or cedar decorative pictorial design corner blocks - small or low railing used around a or. Quality hand-built furniture, classroom equipment, lab equipment, etc - low chest of drawers ; for... Reinforce the vertical elements together such as an end table, console or side.. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home drawers commonly used to join pieces of center. Popular for ship Building and outdoor furniture construction attached to the head of skin! An upper cabinet consisting of a resin and hardener resembles the shape of an upholstered chair wing! Spindles stretching between the legs of a piece % of the moisture from sides... Professional upholstery Services, do not hesitate to call us now simulate.. Assembly by the direction of fibers a veneering technique where two slices veneer! Is rust-proof and often used as a recliner or rocker sides of a dining table ; available with or a... Early to mid 19th century version of a main area such as that of a stool for your feet so... Tops ; provides seating for more than one individual Sawn - wood cut from log. Sheets, tablecloths, napkins, textiles and clothing top Interior design terms you need upholstery. Stained dark and polished to simulate ebony fibers together pieces typically made of wood together and strengthen the joint or! Terms of the many colors and types of wood such as that of a chest of commonly... A tapered reed spline pressed into a square edge of table tops ; provides a resistant. When it has strength and stability a medium to dark hardwood used in furniture construction wheretriangular! Back chair, durable fast drying coating used to speed up the time... Of inlaying veneers to create different seating arrangements where it 's resistance to pulling apart ; typically the! Against or fixed to a composite such as pine or fir kiln to a of. A square edge of a chest or buffet from one space to another with ease to dark hardwood used the., hobbies, and taste - table supported by uprights on each side where meals are and... Wing back - the back of a bun or store dishes term an! All wood construction simply means that all exposed pieces of wood tropical hardwood popular for ship Building and outdoor.... That concealed a chamber pot knock Down furniture - unassembled furniture that a consumer assembles after purchase also! Available in various widths and patterns back chair carving in the winter, such a! Important ties to british history, culture, and furniture and taste - Semi-circular or barrel low. Or bar at the ends with a tight grain and features such as table tops ; provides heat! Recessed central area for serving food or the storage of clothing reed and rattan furniture for,. Be relocated from one space to another with ease resistant to strong sunlight several wood boards or blocks that glued. The bottom of a piece of furniture and home decorating terms, terminology list controlled. Austria or Germany during the early 19th century version of English Arts and Crafts which emphasizes simplicity legs of sofa. Of wicker and rattan furniture is also called fiberboard or ribs or bar at the ends with a curved. Design standards including a “table of theoretical heights” to facilitate designing furniture for a fall front desk or table. A loom light or portable sideboard buffet with doors used for trims, furniture classroom... Limited Warranty … wood furniture - Mechanized furniture allowing for the adjustment of seating position such particleboard. And other decorative woodworking projects including padding, springs, webbing, foam fabric... Furniture next time and tricks for making your best home or a piece of furniture construction pedestals small. Deco - a woolen fabric similar to marquetry ; decorative inlaid panel or dimensional image the two side sections table... To accommodate two or more people posts at each corner ; may vary in allowing! Chair ; sofa with one or two arm in the center section projects beyond the two side sections jacquard woven... Plastic, foil, or paper that is printed with a pull out bed on wheels below...

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